Brumme Hella & Vemmer Eilike
"HISTORICAL ROSES IN THE EUROPA-ROSARIUM SANGERHAUSEN"
(A book concerning the collection of historical rose varieties of the Gallica-, Damascena-, Alba-, Centifolia-, and Moss classes present in the Europa-Rosarium Sangerhausen). The Europa-Rosarium is endowed with one the the most important collections of historical garden roses in the world.
The authors, Hella Brumme and Eilike Vemmer, commissioned by the German Rose Society’s Europa- Rosarium Sangerhausen Foundation, describe the historical roses in the Gallica, Damascena, Alba, Centifolia and Moss groups that are to be found in the garden.
Each variety in these groups is described individually and corroborated by a photograph. The text includes information regarding the various rose classes, their typical characteristics, varieties that are difficult to classify, the differences between varieties that are easily confused, as well as a glossary which amplify and complete the portrayal of the varieties. As far as possible the names of the roses too are clarified.
In a short talk Hella Brumme described how the rose collection in Sangerhausen came into being, where the varieties came from and why it has not yet, to date, been possible to identify a small number of roses. Eilike Vemmer takes up the chapter regarding roses that are easily mistaken for each other such as, for example, ‘Jenny Duval’ and ‘Président de Sèze’, and which are identifiable only by determinate, distinctive characteristics.
The book is published by Kosmos Publishers, Stuttgart, in German and English editions. The translation into
English is by Helga Brichet.
"ANDRE DUPONT'S ROSE HERBARIUM (pre-1814) OR THE STORY OF A DISCOVERY"
André Dupont (1742-1817), who was passionately fond of roses from the beginning, left only an unpublished catalogue dated 1813, published by Thory in 1819. Is that all? Through research at the National Archives, then at the National Museum of Natural History, both in Paris, we have been able to identify the old Roses herbarium of the Museum, which we can assign to him:
A few years ago, we undertook a systematic study of the Museum's archives, from its creation in June 1793 to the first twenty years of the nineteenth century, kept in the National Archives, hoping to find some pieces of the puzzle of André Dupont's life and his passion for roses. It was a wise and exciting process. Indeed, our fellow had frequent exchanges with the gardeners and botanists of this noble institution. However, this sub-series AJ/15 includes hundreds of registers and cardboards filled with papers and documents, all of which are a source of fascination for anyone interested in natural history. The task was therefore likely to be difficult; it might as well be looking for an ant's paw in the Amazonian forest, or... a brave penny in André Dupont's pocket!
It is a small line in a register that alerts us: on February 15, 1814, Riché, the gardener of the hot greenhouses, received Mr. Dupont's rose herbarium. An article by Guillaumin (1885-1974), 9th Professor of Cultivation at the Museum after the eminent André Thouin, in the 1947 Bulletin of the Museum, devoted to the Old Rose Herbarium of the Museum, catches our attention. This herbarium is an anonymous one. It was still necessary to make the connection between the two information, to visit this herbarium, to study it. This has been done and we can now certify that this herbarium is indeed André Dupont's. It is likely to be the earliest herbarium, totally dedicated to roses, that we are allowed to know and, as such, it is of real historical value.
After a short overview of the person of André Dupont, his life, his work, we propose to present the history of the discovery of his herbarium, and its content. Does it contain the roses from Empress Josephine's garden in Malmaison? What treasures does it contain?
Vincent Derkenne is an amateur of old roses, passionate about the rediscovery of sometimes amazing life, and the work, gardeners of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, to whom the universe of the Rose owes so much.
Diaz de Licandro
"ROSEDAL JUANA DE IBARBOUROU : MONTEVIDEO'S HISTORIC ROSE GARDEN"
Ines Diaz de Licandro lives in Montevideo and Punta del Este, Uruguay. Vice-Chairman of the Heritage & Conservation Committee, WFRS. Member of Asociación Uruguaya de la Rosa, Asociación Argentina de Rosicultura, Roses Anciennes en France, Heritage Rose Foundation, and other Heritage rose associations.
Volunteer advisor of Intendencia Municipal de Montevideo concerning Montevideo’s Rose Garden and identification of roses (since 2016). Research, inventory, identification and preservation of heritage roses in Uruguay since 2015. Married, 1 son. Graduated in Accountancy and Administration, having specialised in financial entities and tax and financial planning.
"ON THE ORIGIN OF THE BOURBON ROSES"
"FRANCOIS CREPIN AND THE HERITAGE ROSES IN MEISE BOTANICAL GARDEN"
“Botanists cannot be too grateful to [Crépin’s] admirable labours in this most difficult genus.”
(J.D. Hooker, 1880)
When, in 1876, the self-taught botanist François Crépin was appointed as director of the State Botanic Garden in Brussels, he already had been studying wild roses for almost three decades. As director he would continue to publish numerous papers on the genus Rosa and exchange letters, herbarium collections, offprints and other publications with dozens of rhodologists. Later he donated this unique collection to the Botanic Garden, where today Crépin’s papers are an important part of the Garden’s patrimony. With support of the WFRS, Les amis de la rose, la Foundation Piaget and the Flemish Community Crépin's Rose Herbarium is currently digitized and the quality of the DNA of this collection is tested. The result of these projects are discussed during this talk.
Piet Stoffelen is a botanist. He started his professional career with the study of the diversity of wild coffee in Africa. Since 1999 he has worked at Meise Botanic Garden as collection manager and researcher, where he focuses on collection management, Central Africa and the diversity of wild coffee. In 2016 he became director of collections and is responsible for the Herbarium, the living collections and the library and archives of the Garden, too little known treasure troves. Unlocking of these treasures is one of his most important ambitions. Gardening is his hobby. He has particularly interest in growing vegetables and fruiting trees and shrubs, but roses have also their place in his garden.
Ivan Hoste works at Meise Botanic Garden, where he finds opportunities to combine his training as a historian with a lifelong interest in natural history, especially field botany. His activities at the Garden include research on the flora of exotic plant species in Belgium, the history of botany in the 19th and 20th centuries, and editorial work on books and journals published by the Garden.
Hoste Ivan &
Lefebvre Paul &
Le Texier Guillaume
"RESCUE & PRESERVATION OF VARIETIES OF INTEREST"
Paul Lefebvre is a roselover (fortunately !) for fifty and more years. He fell in love with roses because of his wife . When just married, she wanted to plant “Paul Neyron” in memory of her grandmother who had this rose in her garden. A that time , in France , it was very difficult to find old roses. After several years in search he met André EVE ! The French “King” of Old Roses pushed Paul in the immense rose world.
Paul is founder member of “Roses Anciennes en France” ,member of the roses group of the SNHF, administrator of “Les Amis d’André EVE” et president of “Les Amis de la Roseraie du Val-de-Marne “ in L’Haÿ-les-Roses.
He demonstrates great care for researching old varieties on old plants and for checking their right name and lineage .
"HYBRYD MUSK ROSES FROM LAMBERT, PEMBERTON TO LENS"
"THE UNIQUE BEAUTY OF OLD CHINESE ROSES"
"DAVID AUSTIN'S ENGLISH ROSES AND THE ROSES OF LOUIS-JOSEPH-GHISLAIN PARMENTIER"
"UNKNOWN ROSES IN THE FORBIDDEN KINGDOM - BHUTAN"
Bhutan is a small monarchy between Chinese Tibet and India in the Eastern Himalayas. Sometimes called The Forbidden Kingdom or The Last Shangri-la, Bhutan is a remote agrarian society isolated from the rest of the world by mountains, distance and geopolitics. Retaining much of its ancient way of life, it is only within the past generation that Bhutan has opened itself to the rest of the world. Until the 1970s, Bhutan had a no-tourist policy. It was feared that outside visitors would corrupt the country’s culture and spoil its pristine natural habitat. The secluded Himalayan kingdom – often described as the last Shangri-La – has always been fiercely protective of its Buddhist-oriented heritage. This explains policies like the country’s dress code, which requires Bhutanese to wear traditional robes, and the late arrival of television, first introduced in 1999, a day after the access to the Internet was also allowed. Even today, few can say they’ve been to Bhutan, a mountainous country sandwiched between China and India. Tourism is still tightly regulated but this may change as Bhutan sets out to more-than-double the number of tourists it attracts as soon as next year.
Bhutan is the perfect destination for enthusiastic horticulturalists as it contains more than 60% of the common plant species found in the Eastern Himalayas. It also boasts of approximately 46 species of Rhododendrons and over 300 types of medicinal plants. Junipers, Magnolias, Orchids, Blue Poppies (the national flower), Edelweiss, Gentian, various medicinal herbs, Daphne, Giant Rhubarb, Pine and Oak trees are among the plants commonly found. Roses growing in the wild The speaker was on a trip to Bhutan in May 2018 and he was extremely surprised to find specie roses growing in abundance in the wild. He could identify R. brunonii, R. sericea and R. laevigata. Rose bushes could be found upto 12000 feet ( approx. 3500 meter) above sea level.height and thriving in this extreme environment. He also saw some old garden roses growing in the hedges of old buildings uncared for and a little bit wild. Photograph of R.Sericea with a close-up picture of thorn and stem. This triggered his interest to do some research and with a better preparation, he revisited Bhutan in 2019, in the search of wild roses, juxtaposed with Garden roses in places like the secretariat building – Tashichho Dzong and other sacred and important places. From valleys to the smaller mountain peaks, May and June are a delight for
Rose lovers interested in this natural existence of Rose species. The speaker brings out this secret from this Forbidden Kingdom and it has a special relevance for the Heritage Rose enthusiasts and the Rose workd in general. He would also like to share his findings with photographs of leaves, stem and thorns analysed through microscopy with fruits (hips) of all rose species. His travel throws light on a hidden treasure and can be used by all Rose lovers to collect more data and information on this exciting finding.
"THE CONSERVATION OF HERITAGE ROSES: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS"
Charles Quest-Ritson is an author and translator but perhaps best known among rosarians for the Encyclopedia of Roses that he wrote with his wife Brigid and was first published in 2003 and translated into six languages. He also wrote Climbing Roses of the World (2003) which is the most comprehensive treatment of the subject to date. He was for some years a director of the Royal National Rose Society but resigned in 2000. He also chaired the Historic Roses Group in UK and was a member of the RNRS’s Trials Committee for 12 years. He loves all roses, old and new, and has two gardens in which to grow them - one on chalk soil in southern England and one on sandy clay in Normandy.
The Conservation of Heritage Roses: Problems and Solutions. There is an urgent need to ensure that roses are never lost to cultivation. This lecture covers every stage at which problems arise: discovering which roses are threatened; identifying 'found' roses; propagating them; ensuring their future safety; working with nurseries and collection holders; ensuring that their roses, too, are safe; supporting and monitoring specialist rose collections; keeping records; international cooperation; finance; publicity; the role of the WFRS. Charles Quest-Ritson gives examples of these problems and their outcomes in all major rose-growing countries and climates.
"PROJECT RESCUE - SAVING THE HERITAGE ROSES OF AOTEAROA"
I am a New Zealander of mixed Maori and European descent living in the centre of the South Island of Aotearoa New Zealand. Married to Noeleen and with four sons, in a former life I worked in high school education, first as a teacher of history and then as a guidance counsellor. I now work full time on the land. In our early married life we purchased Brandy Hill, a barren hill close to Alexandra and in our forty year connection to this land have transformed it from a rabbit warren into a woodland garden, as well as operating several horticultural enterprises including commercial strawberries and exporting cut flower lilac to the Asian market. Presently we are sourcing and grafting cider apple varieties to create a cider apple orchard for our son who is a craft beer brewer and wishes to branch out into cider production.
My journey with heritage roses began almost forty years ago with a casual glance at a book in our local bookstore. My love of history plus the possession of the land made a collection inevitable and thus began a magnificent obsession that continues to this day. In the time since I have gathered the largest collection of species and heritage roses in the country growing them as naturally as possible in their families in woodland clearings. When I began collecting, New Zealand was spoiled for choice with many nurseries selling heritage roses but as fashions changed and many suppliers closed down we were in danger of losing the New Zealand collection with little prospect of reintroducing them. I conceived the idea of a Register and persuaded a small group of heritage roses members to help me find, register and preserve our rare varieties.
In our ten years of operation we have mounted an education campaign across the country, stopped the decline and found and saved in excess of three hundred varieties all of which have been added to the collection at Brandy Hill for safe keeping. This success has required hours of study and research. I write frequently for several publications both in New Zealand and overseas and received a scholarship for research in 2012 which assisted me in publishing my book "Project Rescue" a history of the work of the Register team and outline of the work and careers of most of New Zealand's significant rosarians from the past who were important in the importation and promotion of heritage roses. I also presented at the Dunedin conference in 2012 and the Australian conference in Tasmania in 2014. In recent years, as our work has become known, we have received questions and expressions of interest from overseas rose groups who are anxious to save their own roses.
I look forward to meeting like minded rose lovers in Brussels in 2020 and to sharing the unique New Zealand story with you all.
"ROSE SOCIAL LEGACY"
"UNIQUE COLLECTION OF OLD ROSES FOR THE WARM CLIMATE IN ITALY"
Vivararaghavan Viru & Girija
"A GREAT TAXONOMIST AND THE WORLD'S LARGEST ROSE - A MAGICAL INTERACTION"